The FDA has no approved medication for the treatment of tinnitus, and no medication has been shown to reverse the neuronal hyperactivity that is the core cause of tinnitus. Tinnitus can’t be cured with medication; however it may provide relief from some severe tinnitus symptoms.
Patients should seek the advice of their healthcare experts in order to determine which medications are most suited to their needs. Not all medications work or are appropriate for everyone. Any new drug can have undesirable side effects and/or work in opposition to currently prescribed medications.
Antidepressants and Antianxiety Drugs
The most common tinnitus treatments are psychoactive pharmaceuticals that address tinnitus-related behavioural disorders. These medications can help reduce tinnitus-related stress, anxiety, and depression. It is also plausible that psychoactive medications may make tinnitus less obvious for some patients due to the loop interaction between unpleasant emotions and tinnitus (tinnitus causes anxiety, which makes tinnitus worse, which causes more anxiety).
Over the Counter Drugs and Supplements
Numerous OTC medications (pills, powders, herbs, and drops, for example) are falsely promoted as “tinnitus remedies” and even “miracle cures.” There is no credible scientific proof that these products — or any of their constituents — have any effect on tinnitus. While these products may have anecdotal success stories, any observed improvements are almost certainly due to a short-term placebo effect. Patients should exercise caution when purchasing these items because they are not fully regulated by the FDA for safety and have no scientifically measurable benefit.